It’s estimated that 79 million Americans have prediabetes. While not all people with prediabetes develop Type 2 diabetes, it is estimated that by the year 2030, 1 in 3 people will have diabetes.
Has your doctor told you that your blood sugar is a little high, that you have a “touch of sugar,” or that you have impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance? These are all different ways of saying you have prediabetes.
In terms of lab work, a Hemoglobin A1C between 5.7-6.4%, a fasting blood sugar between 100-125, and a 2-hour postprandial blood sugar between 140-199 are all indicators of prediabetes.
The good news is that you can do something about it. The Diabetes Prevention Program study found that people with prediabetes could reduce their risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by 58% by incorporating positive lifestyle changes. A 5-10% weight loss, achieved through healthy diet changes and exercise, can help reduce this risk.
For example, if you are overweight and weigh 250 pounds, a weight loss of 12-25 pounds will help to reduce your risk of developing prediabetes.
For more information on prediabetes, check out the American Diabetes Association website at www.diabetes.org.