This is the first in an occasional series from the Northwest Herald that will examine the multiple changes to health care in America in 2014 due to the federal Affordable Care Act. Future stories will focus on how local families, businesses and health care systems will be affected by the various aspects of the law.
Shopping for health insurance soon will be as convenient as choosing between Frosted Flakes and Cheerios at a grocery store.
But expect to have to sift through much more information than sugar and calorie content to figure out which one is best for you.
In the largest step toward fully implementing the Affordable Care Act, Illinois will open its Health Insurance Marketplace, often referred to as the Exchange, on Oct. 1.
The Exchange is a website that will serve as a central location for residents and small businesses to compare and choose from dozens of insurance plans. Six providers – including well-known companies such as Blue Cross Blue Shield – have proposed 165 plans that are awaiting approval.
Each plan will be categorized in one of four “metal” levels – bronze, silver, gold and platinum – with bronze the lowest and platinum the highest in terms of coverage, breadth, depth and services.
Mike Claffey, spokesman for the health care division in Gov. Pat Quinn’s office, said specific prices for plans would be made public in September after the federal government reviews and approves the plans state officials recommend at the end of July.
“The team has been working extremely hard to get everything in place for an Oct. 1 launch,” Claffey said. “There are a lot of departments working together to help put the pieces in place.”
State officials have said they initially expect 500,000 residents to seek insurance when the Exchange opens Oct. 1, and they expect it to increase to 1 million by 2016. State officials have been training community organizations to act as counselors for those needing assistance understanding premiums, deductibles, co-pays and other insurance issues.
Quinn announced Wednesday that the state received a $27 million federal grant to disperse to 44 community organizations for the training and outreach that will be needed. The McHenry County Department of Health received $500,000 from the grant.
“We know that many of those of who are eligible for subsidized coverage through the ACA have never, or rarely, had access to comprehensive health coverage,” said Jennifer Koehler, director of the marketplace. “We have a big job to do between now and Oct. 1 in terms of educating our target population.”
Claffey said that in addition to the Oct. 1 opening date, Dec. 15, Jan. 1 and March are important targets. Although open enrollment in the health insurance marketplace begins Oct. 1, coverage won’t kick in until Jan. 1 at the earliest. March is when the marketplace will close enrollment until the next fall.
“To be covered on Jan. 1, you have to sign up by Dec. 15,” Claffey said. “There will be no payments until the insurance starts in January.”
Those who don’t purchase a plan and remain uninsured – despite being able to afford insurance – will have to pay a penalty on federal taxes. The penalty would start at $95, or 1 percent of annual income, for working, uninsured residents before increasing significantly in each following year of going without insurance.
Many also could find benefits to buying insurance through the marketplace. Illinois is one of 25 states that have or are expected to accept expanded Medicaid coverage. In Illinois, the expanded Medicaid coverage means that 600,000 residents who do not currently qualify but have an income level at 138 percent of the federal poverty line – roughly $16,000 a year – will be covered.
Those with higher incomes also can receive a subsidy, although it will be less as the income increases.
Because the Illinois Legislature didn’t pass a governing structure and funding mechanism for an insurance marketplace, the state entered into a partnership with the federal government. The partnership puts the state in control of recommending plans, driving enrollment and educating the public while the federal government will approve the plans that can be purchased and make direct payments to carriers for those who receive subsidies.
Ann Ford, executive director for Illinois Network of Centers for Independent Living, said Oct. 1 cannot come fast enough. Her organization, which serves people with disabilities and has a center in McHenry County, is one of the 44 that will receive money to train in-person counselors.
Ford, who has a disability and could not receive health insurance until she was eligible for Medicare, said the new law that requires insurance companies to accept people with pre-existing conditions will open a new world to thousands of people.
“We have a lot of outreach to do to people because many have never had insurance,” Ford said. “We can’t wait to walk them through what will finally be available to them.”
To learn about the Insurance Marketplace, visit:
• State website on health care reform, http://www2.illinois.gov/gov/healthcarereform/Pages/default.aspx
• Federal website on health care reform, https://www.healthcare.gov/
By the numbers: McHenry County and the Insurance Marketplace
The Affordable Care Act, enacted in March 2010, guarantees insurance for all Americans.
A Health Insurance Marketplace will open Oct. 1 that will offer dozens of insurance plans to citizens and small businesses. People who apply may qualify for lower costs on premiums or out-of-pocket costs; savings are based on household income and size. Some people will qualify for tax credits or subsidies to help pay for their insurance, and others will be newly eligible to enroll in Medicaid.
In McHenry County, there are 302,938 people under age 65. Of those people, the following will be eligible for Medicaid or a subsidy once the Insurance Exchange opens:
• 12,029 uninsured people ages 0-64 will be Medicaid eligible
• 10,952 uninsured people ages 0-64 will be eligible for the exchange subsidy
Source: HMA/MCIC Analysis of 2009 American Community Survey Data for Illinois, provided by Illinois Health Matters