LITTLE ROCK, Ark. – A state board voted Wednesday to allow 13 school districts in Arkansas to continue using teachers, administrators and other staff as armed guards, despite a warning from the state’s top attorney that the licensing law they relied upon was intended for private businesses.
After initially voting to revoke two districts’ licenses classifying them as private security firms, the Arkansas Board of Private Investigators and Private Security Agencies decided to allow the schools to keep them for two more years. The panel had voted to suspend the schools’ licenses last month after Attorney General Dustin McDaniel said they shouldn’t have been issued to the schools.
Board members said the two-year reprieve would give the Legislature a chance to look at ways schools could employ their own staff as armed guards. The panel said it won’t accept any new applications from school districts.
In an advisory opinion last month, McDaniel said the licensing law was intended for private security companies. State law prohibits guns on campus, but an exception is included for licensed security guards.
“The issue here is whether or not the school is a private business,” Ka Tina Hodge, an assistant attorney general, told the panel.
Board Chairman Ralph Sims told reporters that the issue was now up to legislators.
“As it stands now, school districts do not qualify under the definition of a private company or private business, so the Legislature is going to have to make some change or accommodations for a public entity to register their employees as security officers,” Sims said.
Clarksville, a 2,500-student district in western Arkansas, trained 22 teachers and staff this year to work as volunteer security guards carrying concealed handguns. Licenses for 14 of those trained had already been approved by the state.
Clarksville Superintendent David Hopkins pleaded with the panel to allow his school to keep the licenses, saying it was a cheaper option than hiring private security guards or paying for police to act as school resource officers. The 53-hour training program for Clarksville included roleplaying drills of school shootings, with teachers and staff using “airsoft” pellet guns and students wearing protective facemasks and jackets.
Hopkins said the district spent about $70,000 for training and stipends for program participants to buy handguns.
After the hearing, he said he would move quickly to reinstate the program.
“From this point forward, the general public needs to assume our guards are armed at school,” he said.
The Lake Hamilton School District has for years used the licensing law to train a handful of administrators as security guards, but the guns are locked away and not carried during the school day.
“Right now we have a mechanism in place that has worked and has worked under your guidelines for 20 years without any problem,” Lake Hamilton Superintendent Steve Anderson told the board.
The board had initially revoked Clarksville and Lake Hamilton’s licenses Wednesday, but reversed course after giving the Cutter Morning Star School District a two-year reprieve.
“If there’s an active shooter in my building, I’m going in,” Nancy Anderson, Cutter Morning Star’s superintendent, told the board. “If I have nothing to throw but staplers, so be it. I’d like to have something other than a stapler to throw at someone with a gun.”
Though some lawmakers have said they’re interested in changing state law to allow schools to arm employees, it’s unlikely they’d be able to address it until the 2015 session. The Legislature convenes in February for a session devoted to the state’s budget, and it takes a two-thirds vote in both chambers to consider any non-fiscal matters.
Jack Acre, a member of the board who voted against allowing the licenses to continue, said he thinks outside security firms or law enforcement are better equipped to handle school security.
“If you’re a teacher, you can’t teach school and be a security guard. If you’re driving a bus, you can’t do it,” Acre said.